Ben Witherington’s definition of work:
“…any necessary and meaningful task that God calls and gifts a person to do and can be undertaken to the glory of God and for the edification and aid of human beings, being inspired by the Spirit and foreshadowing the realities of the new creation.” (p. xii adapted from “Work: A Christian Perspective on Labor” by Ben Witherington III)
-Here the notion of calling or vocation is evident
-Work is undertaken for the glory of God
-Not just in the scope of edification of our Christian community, although this is emphasized, but takes on the larger scope of humanity, where Witherington mentions for the “aid of human beings.”
-The part where he mentions “being inspired by the Spirit” exhibits the implication of emphasis that there is an ethical perspective to work. Not all work has this ethical perspective in mind, e.g. creating pornography or war for that matter.
-This definition also takes into account an eschatological vision, which we call the new creation. There will be no ceasing of work in the new creation.